MICRO AND NANO-SYSTEMSFOR SUSTAINABLE AND SMART CITIES
Prof. Tarik Bourouina, ESIEE Paris, UniversitéParis-Est, FRANCE
MEMS devices already invaded large-scale consumer markets, namely automotive, smart phones and display. On the other hand, Lab-on-Chip is already a well-established technology, whose main application area relates to biology and medical diagnosis. Then, what’s next ?
‘Sustainable Environment’ and ‘Smart Cities’ are emerging as new directions of research with considerable momentum towards miniaturized instrumentation and potentially with a global impact. Besides its multiscale nature, one systemic view of the City consists of a super position of several networks: drinking water, energy, transportation,lighting, telecommunication, in which sensor networks can be deployed over IoT platforms for a huge variety of applications and related services. This is definitely an opportunity for novel MEMS sensors to be deployed at reasonable cost and in a large scale, the city scale.
In this presentation, we elaborate on Microsystems and Nanoengineering for the study of different facets of Urban Environment and Civil Engineering. Illustrations will be given of co-integrating nanomaterials (Black Silicon, Zinc-oxide nanowires, Carbon Nanotubes) with MEMS and microfluidics, leading to novel functional devices applied to drinking water, air quality, and other fluidics natural resources,including fundamental study of construction materials. Illustration will be also given of merging optical MEMS with microfluidics technologies, leading to optofluidic devices, with increased capabilities, raising in the same time new questions on the related science.
Tarik Bourouina holds M.Sc. in Physics, M.Eng. in Optoelectronics, Ph.D. in MEMS (1991), and HDR(2000) from Université Paris-Sud, Orsay. His entire career was devoted to the field of MEMS and Lab-On-Chip. He had several contributions in optical MEMS,among which the smallest MEMS-based FTIR Optical Spectrometer, Neospectra,jointly developed with Si-Ware-Systems, awarded the Prism award on photonics innovation in 2014.
Among his contributions to the scientific community, Dr. Bourouina served in the Technical Program Committee of IEEE MEMS from 2012 to 2013. He is now serving as an Editor in two journals of Nature Publishing Group, in partnership with the Chinese Academy of Sciences: “Light: Science and Applications” and“Microsystems and Nanoengineering”.
Dr.Bourouina took several positions in France and in Japan, at the Université Paris-Sud Orsay, at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and at The University of Tokyo. He is the representative of UniversitéParis-Est in the international research network on Nano and Micro Systems(NAMIS) http://namis.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
Since 2002 Dr. Bourouina is full Professor at ESIEE Paris, Université Paris-Est, appointed as Dean for Research from 2012 to 2015. His current interests include optofluidics,analytical chemistry on-chip, seeking new opportunities for MEMS in the areas of Sustainable Environment and Smart-Cities. He is the Co-Laureate of the French Excellence Grant (EquipEx “Sense-City”). He is also actively involved in the development of several companies launched by his former students and colleagues, which include Si-Ware Systems, Fluidion, Memscap and MEMS-Schlumberger.